Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was an Indian nationalist leader who is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in modern world history. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India, Gandhi was the son of a local leader in the Indian community.
He started his education at the age of seven. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was the Diwan or Chief Minister of Porbandar and wanted his son to receive a good education.
Gandhi attended elementary school in Porbandar for a few years, where he studied subjects such as arithmetic, history, and geography. After his family moved to Rajkot, a larger town in Gujarat, Gandhi attended high school there. In high school, he learned more advanced subjects such as geometry, algebra, and Latin.
After completing high school, Gandhi enrolled in Samaldas College in Bhavnagar, also in Gujarat.
After completing his education in India, Gandhi went to study law in London, where he was exposed to Western thought and values. He returned to India in 1891 and became involved in the Indian nationalist movement, which sought to end British colonial rule in India.
Gandhi was known for his philosophy of nonviolent resistance, which he called Satyagraha. He believed that the use of violence only perpetuated the cycle of violence, and that peaceful means were a more effective way to bring about social and political change. Gandhi’s nonviolent methods were put to the test in a number of protests and campaigns he led, including the Salt March, in which he and his followers marched 240 miles to protest the British salt tax.
In 1947, after many years of struggle, India finally achieved its independence from British colonial rule. Gandhi, however, remained committed to his vision of a free and united India, and worked to promote religious tolerance and harmony in the newly independent nation.
Mahatma Gandhi death
Mahatma Gandhi, one of the most influential leaders in India’s struggle for independence, was assassinated on January 30, 1948. He was shot three times at point-blank range by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, during a prayer meeting in New Delhi. Gandhi died shortly after the attack, at the age of 78.
Gandhi’s death was a shock to the entire world, and it sparked widespread mourning and condemnation of the violent act. Nathuram Godse and his co-conspirator, Narayan Apte, were tried, convicted, and executed for their role in the assassination.
Despite his death, Gandhi’s legacy has endured, and he remains a symbol of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience around the world. His teachings and philosophy continue to inspire social and political movements today.
Mahatma Gandhi family
Parents: Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India. His father was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, also known as Kaba Gandhi, and his mother was Putlibai Gandhi. Karamchand was a government official who served as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state, while Putlibai was a deeply religious woman who had a strong influence on Gandhi’s values and beliefs.
Siblings :- Gandhi had three older siblings – Laxmidas, Karsandas, and Raliatbehn. He was very close to his sister Raliatbehn, who was two years older than him and whom he affectionately called Raliat.
Wife and children :- Gandhi married Kasturba Makhanji in 1883, when he was just 13 years old and she was 14. Kasturba, also known as Ba, was Gandhi’s lifelong partner and helped him in his social and political work. They had four sons – Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas – and a daughter named Sushila.
Grandchildren :- Gandhi had several grandchildren, including Arun, Rajmohan, and Sumitra, who are all involved in social and political activism.
Gandhi’s family was an important source of support and inspiration for him, and he remained deeply connected to them throughout his life.
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Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a social welfare scheme implemented by the Indian government to provide employment opportunities to people living in rural areas. The act was passed in 2005 and came into effect in 2006. It is named after Mahatma Gandhi, who was a champion of rural development and self-sufficiency.
Under MGNREGA, rural households are guaranteed 100 days of wage employment in a financial year. The program aims to improve the livelihoods of people living in rural areas by providing them with employment opportunities, enhancing their skills, and creating productive assets. MGNREGA also aims to promote sustainable development in rural areas by creating durable assets such as roads, canals, and water conservation structures.
The program is implemented by local governments, and the funds are shared between the central and state governments. The program has been instrumental in reducing poverty, promoting gender equality, and improving the lives of millions of people living in rural areas in India. However, the program has also faced challenges related to corruption, bureaucratic inefficiencies, and inadequate monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
Mahatma Gandhi thoughts
Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for independence from British rule, and is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of the country. Throughout his life, he developed a number of key beliefs and philosophies that continue to influence people around the world. Some of his most notable thoughts and ideas include :-
Nonviolence :- Gandhi is perhaps most famous for his commitment to nonviolence as a means of social and political change. He believed that violence only leads to more violence, and that peaceful resistance is a more effective way of achieving justice and equality.
Satyagraha :- This is a term coined by Gandhi to describe his approach to nonviolent resistance. It translates to “truth-force” or “soul-force,” and is based on the idea that the power of truth and justice can overcome even the most entrenched systems of oppression.
Self-reliance :- Gandhi believed that individuals should strive for self-sufficiency and not be overly reliant on government or other institutions. He encouraged people to take control of their own lives and to be responsible for their own well-being.
Simple living :- Gandhi lived a simple life and believed that material possessions were not necessary for happiness. He encouraged people to live frugally and to focus on the things that truly matter in life, such as love, compassion, and service to others.
Equality :- Gandhi was a strong advocate for the equal treatment of all people, regardless of their race, religion, or social status. He fought against the caste system in India and worked to bring about greater unity among the country’s diverse communities.
These are just a few of the many ideas and beliefs that Gandhi espoused during his lifetime. His legacy continues to inspire people around the world to this day.