Learn about the biography, death, family and thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi history


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was an Indian nationalist leader who is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in modern world history. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India, Gandhi was the son of a local leader in the Indian community.

He started his education at the age of seven. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was the Diwan or Chief Minister of Porbandar and wanted his son to receive a good education.

Gandhi attended elementary school in Porbandar for a few years, where he studied subjects such as arithmetic, history, and geography. After his family moved to Rajkot, a larger town in Gujarat, Gandhi attended high school there. In high school, he learned more advanced subjects such as geometry, algebra, and Latin.

After completing high school, Gandhi enrolled in Samaldas College in Bhavnagar, also in Gujarat.

After completing his education in India, Gandhi went to study law in London, where he was exposed to Western thought and values. He returned to India in 1891 and became involved in the Indian nationalist movement, which sought to end British colonial rule in India.

Gandhi was known for his philosophy of nonviolent resistance, which he called Satyagraha. He believed that the use of violence only perpetuated the cycle of violence, and that peaceful means were a more effective way to bring about social and political change. Gandhi’s nonviolent methods were put to the test in a number of protests and campaigns he led, including the Salt March, in which he and his followers marched 240 miles to protest the British salt tax.

In 1947, after many years of struggle, India finally achieved its independence from British colonial rule. Gandhi, however, remained committed to his vision of a free and united India, and worked to promote religious tolerance and harmony in the newly independent nation.

Mahatma Gandhi death

Mahatma Gandhi, one of the most influential leaders in India’s struggle for independence, was assassinated on January 30, 1948. He was shot three times at point-blank range by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, during a prayer meeting in New Delhi. Gandhi died shortly after the attack, at the age of 78.

Gandhi’s death was a shock to the entire world, and it sparked widespread mourning and condemnation of the violent act. Nathuram Godse and his co-conspirator, Narayan Apte, were tried, convicted, and executed for their role in the assassination.

Despite his death, Gandhi’s legacy has endured, and he remains a symbol of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience around the world. His teachings and philosophy continue to inspire social and political movements today.

Mahatma Gandhi family

Parents: Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India. His father was Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, also known as Kaba Gandhi, and his mother was Putlibai Gandhi. Karamchand was a government official who served as the diwan (chief minister) of Porbandar state, while Putlibai was a deeply religious woman who had a strong influence on Gandhi’s values and beliefs.

Why is Swami Vivekananda a role model, what five things did he say?

Why Swami Vivekananda is a role model?


Swami Vivekananda 

Swami Vivekananda, born Narendranath Datta, was a prominent Indian philosopher, spiritual leader, and social reformer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was born on January 12, 1863, in Calcutta, India, and passed away on July 4, 1902, at the young age of 39.

Early Life:

Swami Vivekananda was born into a wealthy and respected family in Calcutta. His father, Vishwanath Datta, was a successful attorney, and his mother, Bhuvaneshwari Devi, was a devout housewife. From an early age, Swami Vivekananda showed a keen interest in spirituality and a desire to serve humanity. He was also an excellent student and excelled in various subjects, including mathematics, literature, and philosophy.

In 1881, Swami Vivekananda graduated from the Scottish Church College in Calcutta with a degree in philosophy. He then joined the Brahmo Samaj, a reformist Hindu organization that advocated monotheism and social reform. However, he soon became disillusioned with the Brahmo Samaj and left the organization to pursue his spiritual quest.

Meeting Ramakrishna:

Swami Vivekananda‘s life changed dramatically when he met Sri Ramakrishna, a mystic and spiritual master, in 1882. Ramakrishna recognized the potential in Vivekananda and became his guru, teaching him various spiritual practices, including meditation, prayer, and worship. Vivekananda became deeply devoted to Ramakrishna and spent several years under his tutelage, absorbing his teachings and imbibing his wisdom.

Spiritual Journey:

After Ramakrishna’s death in 1886, Swami Vivekananda embarked on a spiritual journey, wandering throughout India and experiencing its diverse cultures and religious traditions. He spent several years living as a wandering monk, practicing intense austerities and meditating for long hours. During this time, he also came into contact with various social and political movements and became increasingly aware of the suffering and poverty that afflicted Indian society.

Founding of the Ramakrishna Mission:

In 1893, Swami Vivekananda traveled to the United States to attend the Parliament of World Religions in Chicago. His powerful speeches and charismatic personality won him many admirers and made him a popular figure in the United States. He returned to India in 1897 and founded the Ramakrishna Mission, a spiritual and philanthropic organization dedicated to the service of humanity.

Legacy:

Swami Vivekananda‘s life and teachings have had a profound impact on Indian society and culture. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest spiritual leaders of the modern era and has inspired millions of people around the world with his message of universal love and brotherhood. His legacy lives on through the Ramakrishna Mission, which has established centers and ashrams in India and around the world, dedicated to the service of humanity.

Swami Vivekananda died at a young age of 39, but his life and teachings continue to inspire and guide people around the world. He left behind a rich legacy of spiritual wisdom, social reform, and service to humanity.

Education of Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda had a remarkable academic career, excelling in various subjects, including mathematics, literature, philosophy, and English. He received his early education at home, where he was taught by his mother and other private tutors.

In 1879, at the age of 16, Swami Vivekananda enrolled at the Scottish Church College in Kolkata, where he studied for five years. At the college, he distinguished himself as an outstanding student, earning several academic distinctions, including a first-class degree in philosophy.

During his time at the Scottish Church College, Swami Vivekananda also became involved in the Brahmo Samaj, a reformist Hindu organization that advocated for monotheism and social reform. However, he became disillusioned with the Brahmo Samaj and left the organization to pursue his spiritual quest.

After completing his studies at the Scottish Church College, Swami Vivekananda worked as a tutor and a journalist for a brief period before embarking on his spiritual journey. He spent several years wandering throughout India, meeting spiritual masters, practicing austerities, and studying various religious and philosophical traditions.

Swami Vivekananda‘s education was not limited to academic pursuits but also included a deep and profound study of spirituality and the human condition. His wide-ranging intellectual curiosity and his deep understanding of human nature and the human mind are evident in his writings and teachings. Swami Vivekananda’s approach to education emphasized the holistic development of the individual, with a focus on both intellectual and spiritual growth. He believed that education should help individuals achieve self-realization and enable them to serve humanity with love and compassion.

Read also :- What is Lala Lajpat rai famous for

  What is Dayanand Saraswati famous for

Why Swami Vivekananda is a role model?


What was Swami Vivekananda famous for ?

Swami Vivekananda was famous for his contributions to Indian spirituality and his role in popularizing Hinduism in the Western world. He was a philosopher, social reformer, and a spiritual leader who sought to bring spiritual renewal and national liberation to India.

Swami Vivekananda is best known for his inspiring speech at the World’s Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893. His speech, which began with the famous words “Sisters and brothers of America,” captivated the audience and introduced Hinduism to the Western world. He spoke about the universality of religions and emphasized the importance of tolerance and respect for all faiths.

What is Lala Lajpat Rai famous for, know what are his main slogans

 

What is Lala Lajpat Rai famous for?

Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian freedom fighter and social reformer, born on January 28, 1865, in a small village called Dhudike in the Punjab region of British India. He was popularly known as “Punjab Kesari,” which means “Lion of Punjab,” for his fearless and courageous personality.

Lajpat Rai received his early education in the village school, and later he moved to Lahore, where he studied law. After completing his studies, he started practicing law in the court of Hissar. However, his interest in social and political reform drew him towards public life.

He actively participated in the Indian nationalist movement and was a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. He was one of the founding members of the Punjab National Bank and also established the Servants of People Society, which aimed to provide education and health services to the people.

Lajpat Rai was a fierce critic of the British colonial rule in India, and he used his speeches and writings to expose their injustices and demand freedom for the country. He was a strong advocate of Swadeshi movement, which promoted the use of Indian-made products and boycotting British goods. He also played a crucial role in the Non-Cooperation movement, which aimed to resist British rule through nonviolent means.

In 1928, Lajpat Rai led a protest march against the Simon Commission, which was appointed by the British government to review and suggest reforms in the Indian constitution. The police brutally lathi-charged the protestors, and Lajpat Rai sustained severe injuries, which led to his untimely death on November 17, 1928.

Lala Lajpat Rai was a visionary leader who dedicated his life to the service of his country and people. His contribution to India’s freedom struggle remains an inspiration for generations to come.

Why is Lala Lajpat Rai called Punjab Kesari?

Lala Lajpat Rai is called “Punjab Kesari,” which means “Lion of Punjab,” because of his fearless and courageous personality, and his significant contributions to the Indian freedom struggle. He was a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress and actively participated in the Indian nationalist movement, advocating for the rights and freedom of the Indian people.

His efforts to expose the injustices of the British colonial rule and to promote the use of Indian-made products made him a popular figure among the people of Punjab. He also founded the Punjab National Bank, which helped to promote economic growth in the region.

Lala Lajpat Rai was a powerful orator and a passionate advocate for India’s freedom, and he fearlessly stood up to the British authorities, even in the face of great personal risk. His leadership and contributions to the freedom struggle earned him the title of “Punjab Kesari,” which is a testament to his courage, strength, and unwavering commitment to the people of Punjab and India as a whole.

Read more :- Why was Ravidas named Ravidas

   What is Dayanand Saraswathi famous for

Which newspaper was started by Lala Lajpat Rai?

Lala Lajpat Rai, the Indian freedom fighter and social reformer, started a newspaper called “The People” in 1916. The newspaper was published in English and aimed to propagate the ideals of Indian nationalism and freedom struggle.

Lala Lajpat Rai used the newspaper as a platform to raise awareness about the oppressive policies of the British colonial government and to advocate for the rights of Indian people. The paper covered a wide range of issues related to Indian politics, social and economic reforms, and the struggle for independence.

The People was widely read by the Indian public, and it played a significant role in shaping public opinion and mobilizing people in support of the Indian nationalist movement. The newspaper also helped to create a sense of national unity and identity among Indians.

Despite facing government censorship and restrictions, Lala Lajpat Rai continued to publish The People and used it to criticize the British government and to promote the idea of Swaraj or self-rule for India. The newspaper became an important tool in the Indian freedom struggle and remains an important part of Lala Lajpat Rai’s legacy.

Why was Ravidas named Ravidas , know in detail.

Why was Ravidas named Ravidas ?

Ravidas was a North Indian mystic poet-sant of the bhakti movement during the 15th to 16th century CE. He was a member of the untouchable caste and his devotional songs and verses made a lasting impact on Indian society and are still widely popular and revered today.

Very little is known about Ravidas’ life and much of the information available is based on legend and folklore. According to tradition, he was born in the city of Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. He was said to be born into an untouchable caste, but despite this he was a spiritual leader and teacher who spread his message of equality and devotion through his songs and poems.

Ravidas’ poetry was written in the local dialect of North India and was meant to be sung and recited by the common people. His verses were filled with simple and straightforward language, and often dealt with themes of love, devotion, and compassion for all beings. He challenged the prevailing caste system and the discrimination of untouchables in his writings, and advocated for the equality of all people regardless of their social status or background.

Ravidas’ teachings and poetry had a profound impact on the bhakti movement in India and he is considered one of its greatest saints. Today, his poems are still widely recited and his teachings are still followed by millions of people in India and around the world. His devotional songs and verses have been collected and compiled into a holy book known as the Guru Granth Sahib, which is considered one of the most important religious texts in Sikhism.

Ravidas was a mystical poet and saint of the bhakti movement who challenged the prevailing caste system and advocated for equality and devotion for all beings. His devotional songs and verses continue to be popular and widely revered in India and around the world, and his legacy continues to inspire millions of people.

Ravidas‘s early education 

Ravidas also known as Sant Ravidas, was a legendary spiritual leader and poet who lived in the 15th century in India. He was born into a Dalit (formerly known as “Untouchable”) family and was raised in poverty.

Growing up in poverty, Ravidas had to work as a cobbler to support his family from a young age. However, despite the financial struggles and the lack of formal education, Ravidas’ devotion to spirituality and his connection to the divine allowed him to cultivate a deep understanding of the world and the human experience.

Despite his lack of formal education, Ravidas was an insightful and intelligent person. He was known for his wisdom and deep understanding of the human experience. He had a strong connection with nature and was fascinated by the beauty and intricacy of the world around him.

As he grew older, Ravidas began to write poems and hymns, expressing his spirituality and his views on the world. These poems, known as the Bijak, became a source of inspiration for millions of people and are still studied and revered today.

Ravidas’s early education was limited but he was able to gain knowledge and wisdom through his own experiences and from the teachings of his elders. He became a spiritual leader and poet, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire and bring comfort to people even today.

Read also :- What is Dayanand Saraswati famous for.

                     Why was Ravidas named Ravidas ?